The EED Directive (Energy Efficiency Directive) is a European Union directive aimed at improving energy efficiency across the EU. Here are some of the key elements of the EED Directive:
- Energy efficiency targets: The EED Directive establishes a binding energy efficiency target of 32.5% for the EU by 2030, with an interim target of 18% by 2020.
- Energy audits: The Directive requires large companies to carry out energy audits at least once every four years, with the aim of identifying opportunities to improve energy efficiency.
- Building renovations: The Directive promotes the renovation of buildings to improve energy efficiency, and requires member states to establish long-term renovation strategies for their building stock.
- Energy performance contracting: The Directive promotes the use of energy performance contracting, where the costs of energy efficiency improvements are paid for through the resulting energy savings.
- Metering and billing: The Directive requires member states to establish rules on metering and billing of energy consumption, with the aim of promoting energy efficiency and providing consumers with information on their energy use.
- Public sector leadership: The Directive requires public bodies to lead by example in improving energy efficiency, including by renovating their own buildings to improve energy performance.
- Energy efficiency obligation schemes: The Directive allows member states to establish energy efficiency obligation schemes, which require energy companies to achieve energy savings targets or provide support for energy efficiency improvements.
- Funding: The Directive promotes the use of EU funding to support energy efficiency projects and programs, and requires member states to develop financial instruments to facilitate investment in energy efficiency.